1. as a result 结果
He never studied hard, and as a result he failed in the last examination.
2. as a result of 由于
He is late for work as a result of a traffic accident
3. accordingly 于是He wanted to buy a radio for study English, and accordingly her mother bought it for him.4. because(of) 因为
We are delayed because of a traffic jam.
5. due to 由于
His success is due to his excellent work.
6. owing to 由于
Owing to his absence, our meeting is not held.
7. thanks to 幸亏
Thanks to a good teacher, she passed the examination.
8. now that 既然
Now that you have grown up, you must earn for yourself.
9. so long as 只要
You could realize your dream so long as you try it again and again.
10. since 既然
Since you are here now, you’d better give a hand.
11. in that 因为
The policy is harmful in that it may encourage people to give up.
12. so that 所以
The officer speaks at the top of his voice, so that every soldier heard him.
13. therefore 因此
There is a calculating mistakes there, therefore, the answer is wrong.
14. consequently 因此
It rained so heavily, consequently, we cancelled the plan of climbing the mountain.
15. hence 因此
It is 12 p.m. now, hence you must take a sleep.
16. on account of 因为，由于
We delayed our departure on account of the bad weather.
1. as a matter of fact 事实上
I will go there this morning, as a matter of fact, I am only 10 minutes, drive from you.
2. as well 也I will go there. My friend will go with me as well.
3. frankly speaking / to be frank / to be honest / honestly speaking 实话说
Frankly speaking, I am not very satisfactory with your words.
4. in this case 既然这样
In this case, I will go there as soon as possible.
1. or else 否则
Hurry up, or else you’ll be late.
2. otherwise 否则
You must carry this passport, otherwise you will be stopped by the guard.
3. if so 如果这样的话
If so, it will make a great difference.
4. so that implies 那表明
He is in panic now, so that implies he is lying.
5. to put it more precisely 更精确地说
He is rather strong, to put it more precisely, he is a little sturdy.
6. under no circumstances 在任何情况下都不，绝不
Under no circumstances will I go there.
1. in addition 此外
I need your help. In addition, I also need her support.
2. besides 此外
First, we must work hard. Besides, we must work with a creative mind.
3. and moreover 此外
The hat is the right size for you, and moreover, it goes well with your skin.
4. that is to say 就是说
The stock price is declining, that is to say, I am losing money.
5. in other words 换句话说
I am not hungry, in other words, I really dislike the food in this canteen.
6. equally important 同样重要的是
You should read more news from newspapers, and equally important, keep an eye on the news from the radio.
7. what’s more 此外
It is harmful to my health, and what’s more, it is no good to my work.
8. last but not least 最后
Last but not least, my thanks should go to every member of my class.
9. furthermore 而且，此外
She is kind, and furthermore, she’s beautiful.
1. equally 同样地
As a teacher, I should teach well, but equally, I should study well.
2. in the same way 同样地
It is such a coincidence that we figure it out in the same way.
3. in contrast to 和……相反
In contrast to your belief, I quite disagree with you.
4. instead 代替，顶替
If you don’t go, I’ll go instead.
5. on the contrary 相反
You thought I like it. On the contrary, I dislike it.
6. in contrast 对比之下
It is hot in the daytime, but in contrast it’s very cold at night.
7. while 然而
We are happy in China, while most Africans live unhappily.
8. in comparison with 和…相比
In comparison with the red one, I would like to choose the blue cap.
1. alternatively 作为选择，二者选一地
You may take the exam. Alternatively you take another one next year.
2. either…or 或者…或者…
Either you or I will go there.
3. rather than 而不是
In this matter, the parents should be blamed rather than the children.
4. instead of 而不是
You should be reading books instead of lying there in bed.
5. not …but 不是…而是
She is not an English teacher, but a German student.
6. whether…or not 是否I wonder whether you will come or not this afternoon.
7. neither…nor 既不…也不
Neither you nor I will go there. He will come this afternoon.
1. although 尽管
Although he is old, he still works every day.
2. despite 尽管，不管
I will visit him despite the heavy snow.
3. at the same time 同时，但是
The little kid brings troubles, but at the same time you can’t help liking him.
4. even though 即使
Even though she is late, she walks slowly.
5. however 可是
I planned to go there; however, the incident suddenly interrupts my normal work.
6. in spite of 不管
In spite of the boy’s honesty, the teacher is still very angry.
7. instead 改为
It is too hot to go shopping, let’s watch TV at home instead.
8. nevertheless 尽管这样
Nevertheless, I would try to make a remedy.
9. regardless 不管，不顾
Regardless of age, sex, race and economic level, all men are equal.
10 notwithstanding 虽然，尽管
I have determined, notwithstanding your disapproval.
11. on the contrary 正相反
I used to think that the result will be good. On the contrary, it turns out to be bad.
12. still 尽管如此
It’s raining cats and dogs outside. Still, I will visit him.
13. though 虽然，尽管
I will visit him, though it is raining there.
14. otherwise 否则
We must hurry, otherwise we cannot catch the bus.
15. while 虽然，但是
Sadness is beautiful while loneliness is tragic.
16. yet 然而，但是
He is sentimental sometimes, yet I still like him.