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重庆专升本考试:英语词义辨析之近形异义(三)

2020-01-20 17:24:47| 来源:中公专升本

词义辨析之近形异义(三)

7.turn off / turn on / turn down / turn away

★辨析:

turn off (把...)关掉;完成;解雇;转向

turn on 打开(水、收音机、灯、煤气等);(使)感兴趣;

turn down 减少,关小;拒绝;驳回;顶回去

turn away 转过脸去;拒绝(某人)进入;辞退

【例】We are talking business here. Would you please ________ your radio ________ a bit?

A. turn...off

B. turn...on

C. turn...down

D. turn...away

8.consist of / contract with / contribute / composed of

★辨析:

contract with 与...订立(某种协议或合同),与...建立(某种关系)

contribute v.贡献出;捐赠(款项);投稿(给杂志等);出力

consist of 由...组成;包括(主语是事物整体,宾语为部分,只能用 在主动语态,无被动形式)

composed of 由...组成(主语为部分事物,宾语为事物整体)

【例】A class is said rather vaguely to _________ group of persons sharing similar occupations and incomes and as a consequence similar life-style and beliefs.

A. consist of

B. contrast with

C. contribute

D. composed of

9.get through / get by / give in / give up

★辨析:

get through 完成;读完;穿过;用完

get by 通过;设法;继续存在;过得去;尚可

give in 屈服;投降;让步;交

give up 放弃;投降;把...让给;戒除

【例】Though faced with many difficulties, he would not ________ online learning.

A. give up

B. get through

C. get by

D. give in

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